Awareness of our need to adapt to the climate crisis has certainly risen. After a summer marked by extreme weather events, such as fires in southern Europe or floods and landslides in Pakistan, we have become more aware of the need to adapt to the effects of climate change.
Climate adaptation actions in response to this challenge consist of adjustments in ecological, social, and/or economic systems in response to actual or expected climatic changes. While rather broad, this is not a bad definition. It is however important to consider that the key issue for adaptation is that, unlike most mitigation actions, adaptation actions require the development of highly localized strategies for effectiveness, which will differ significantly across contexts and locations.