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Why is lithium crucial to the EU's green and digital transition?

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By illuminem briefings

· 2 min read

illuminem summarizes for you the essential news of the day. Read the full piece on Euronews or enjoy below:

🗞️ Driving the news: The EU's Critical Raw Materials Act (CRMA) aims to enhance the self-sufficiency of lithium—a vital component in the shift to renewable energy
• This legislation seeks to boost the EU's capability to extract, refine, and recycle key minerals, with lithium playing a central role due to its importance in battery production for electric vehicles and energy storage

🔭 The context: Lithium is critical for energy storage systems that support intermittent renewable energy sources such as wind and solar
• As demand for lithium is expected to increase significantly, the EU is focusing on reducing dependency on imports by increasing local production and refining capacities

🌍 Why it matters for the planet: Efficient lithium usage is crucial for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting sustainable energy solutions
• By localizing lithium production and recycling, the EU aims to decrease environmental impacts associated with long-distance mineral transport and processing

⏭️ What's next: The EU plans to establish stronger trade partnerships and increase mining capacities within Europe to meet growing lithium demand
• This strategy includes enhancing technological advancements and addressing socio-environmental challenges related to lithium extraction

💬 One quote: "It's mainly the cars, the buses, and the trucks in the future that will eat up all the lithium," Peter Tom Jones, director at KU Leuven Institute for Sustainable Metals & Minerals.

📈 One stat: The EU currently imports 81% of its lithium, but aims to produce up to 50% of its demand by 2030 through local mining projects.

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